Deception & Surprise
Army Group North
Army Group Center
Army Group South
Battle of Smolensk
Battle of Kiev
Siege of Leningrad
Why Did Barbarossa Fail?
In the Media
The Road to Stalingrad
Siege of Leningrad during Operation Barbarossa
After victory in the frontier battles, German forces of Army Group North soon closed in on the city. Additionally, Finland had attacked Russia as well (as part of the Continuation War, in order to regain lands lost to the Soviet Union in the previous Winter War of 1939-1939-1940), and were approaching Leningrad from the North. Thus, for a while, the capture of Leningrad, seemed to be just a matter of time.
However, Army Group North was weakened by the withdrawal of the 4th Panzer Group (Panzergruppe 4), which was given to Army Group Center for the attack on Moscow, and thus could not complete a quick conquest of the city. Meanwhile, the Finns reached their old frontier, and refused to press forward with further attacks against Leningrad.
The Soviets were also busy, and fortified the city, mobilizing more than one million civilians to build defensive lines to the North and South of Leningrad. Slowly and surely, the city was turned into a heavily defended fortress.
The Germans cut off the last rail line to the city on August 30th, and reached Lake Ladoga, and cutting off the last land connection to the city on September 8th, and the battle turned into a siege.
The Germans were however unable to round Lake Ladoga and link up with the Finns, and so the Soviets did manage to get a trickle of supplies into the city across the Lake, particularly when it froze over in the Winter. Nevertheless, the suffering in the city was terrible, which underwent prolonged air and artillery bombardment, and eventually famine.
It was only in January 1943 that the Soviet counterattack allowed them to open a narrow land corridor to the city, and it was not until January 1944 that the siege was finally lifted.
In total, Leningrad was under siege for 872 days. More than 1,400,000 people, mostly women and children, were evacuated from the city, and perhaps around 1,500,000 Soviet citizens died during the siege.
Please share your comments on this page:
Note: This site is not affiliated with nor endorsed by any military or government organization.
Copyright © 2007-2020, Answers 2000 Limited
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S.à r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures
Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.
In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.
All trademarks are property of their respective owners.
All third party content and adverts are copyright of their respective owners.